Tips for protecting your skin from harmful rays

AP Photo

SAN FRANCISCO (KRON) — A the summer sun sizzles, KRON 4 sits down with board-certified dermatologist Dr. Lavanya Krishnan of 77 Plastic Surgery in San Francisco to discuss what you can do to protect your skin from harmful rays.

Her advice? Always wear sunscreen.

1) Sunscreen is recommended for children 6 months and older. Be sure to choose one that is labeled “broad spectrum” and/or “physical” sunscreen. These types of sunscreen typically block both UVA and UVB sunlight. “Physical” sunscreens contain one or both of the following ingredients: “Titanium Dioxide” or “Zinc Oxide”.

2) For babies under 6 months old, try to use wide-brimmed hats, long light-weight pants and long-sleeved shirts to protect from the sun whenever possible.

3) Apply sunscreen generously to all exposed skin about 30 mins before your child goes out in the sun. Choose a sunscreen with SPF (Sun Protection Factor) 30 or higher. Reapply every 2 hours, and after swimming or sweating.

4) Don’t forget to cover the skin behind the ears, part-lines, neck and lips! Make sure to use a lip balm with SPF protection as well.

5) Try to limit outdoor playtime during the peak hours between 10am and 2pm. These are the hours when the sun’s UV rays are at their strongest. If your child is outdoors during these hours, try to locate shady spots and apply sunscreen liberally.

6) Kids love colored or scented products! But, be wary of these products if your child has sensitive skin or eczema. Colored and scented products may cause a rash or reaction to the sunscreen. Opt for unscented and uncolored products if possible.

7) Avoid spray sunscreens around open flames, grills, etc. These can be flammable!

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